Menopause Management

Menopause

is the period in a woman’s life, usually occurring between the ages of 45 and 55, when her ovaries stop producing eggs as well as less

oestrogen

and

progesterone

and menstruation becomes less frequent, eventually stopping altogether. Specific symptoms and severity varies from woman to woman.

Menopause symptoms

may last five years or longer. Common symptoms include: heart pounding or racing;

hot flashes

;

night sweats

;

skin flushing

; and sleeping problems. There is also a direct relationship between the lack of

estrogen

during perimenopause and menopause and the development of

Osteoporosis

. A

Gynaecologist

may treat menopause symptoms with hormone replacement therapy (

HRT

). It may not be suitable for all women as HRT carries the risk of developing breast cancer, heart attacks, strokes and blood clots. As alternatives to HRT, there are medications available to help with mood swings, hot flashes and other symptoms. These include low doses of some antidepressants. Acupuncture has also proved successful for some women. Symptoms may also be reduced by lifestyle changes, including: avoiding caffeine, alcohol and spicy foods; dressing lightly and in layers; regular exercise, and using relaxation techniques; Kegel exercises to strengthen vaginal and pelvic muscles; and remaining sexually active.

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