is located in the lower part of the neck, below the Adam’s apple, wrapped around the trachea (windpipe). It produces hormones which help regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and metabolism (the rate at which food is converted into energy). Thyroid disorders can include an
, or an
. Both can result in an enlarged thyroid gland. Sometimes surgery is required to remove the thyroid gland. A thyroid nodule is a small swelling or lump in the thyroid gland. They are usually examined with imaging such as ultrasound or MRI, and a fine-needle aspiration biopsy, a relatively painless procedure to take tissue fluid samples from the nodule. Thyroid surgery may be required when: the biopsy indicates the nodule is cancerous; the nodules are getting bigger; or the trachea or oesophagus is compressed because the thyroid is very large. Thyroid surgery involves removing part or all of the thyroid gland, under general anaesthesia. Usually, the lobe of the thyroid gland containing the nodule lump is removed. An analysis of tissue will determine if the rest of the thyroid gland should be removed, during the same surgery. (Alternatively, surgery may be done at a later date.) The patient may be required to undergo
thyroid replacement treatment
if the gland is removed.
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Professor Sidhu is a leading Australian Endocrine Surgeon, who specialises in thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, salivary and parotid gland tumours, minimally invasive and laparoscopic surgery . . . .
Associate Professor James Lee is a leading endocrine surgeon in Australia. He was trained and qualified as a General Surgeon in Melbourne, specialising in Endocrine Surgery. His specific interests include all aspects of thyroid surgery, parathyroid surgery and adrenal surgery. . . .
Dr Michael Farrell specialises in Adult and Paediatric ENT, Sinus Surgery, Head, Neck, Parotid and Thyroid Surgery, Laryngology/Voice Disorders