Ear Surgery / Otology
Otology is a subspeciality of Otolaryngology (ENT – ear, nose and throat).Otologists engage in the medical and surgical treatment of ear diseases including the removal of cancers invading the bone around the ear and cochlear implantation for hearing rehabilitation. Typically, ear surgery is utilised to correct defects causing hearing loss or impairment. Such procedures include stapedectomy (removal of all or part of a bone in the middle ear called the stapes), tympanoplasty (reconstruction of the ear drum), and cochlear implants (implantation of a device to stimulate nerve ends within the inner portion of the ear to enable hearing). Surgery of the ear also includes myringotomy (insertion of ear tubes to drain fluid in persons with chronic ear infections).On occasion, an Otologist will assist a Neurosurgeon in the removal of tumors that arise at the base of the brain and require a surgical approach through the skull base to reach the brain.