Surgical oncology is a specialised area of oncology. Surgery is undertaken to remove
cells and surrounding tissues. It is often combined with
. Oncological surgery may be performed to biopsy a suspicious site for malignant cells or
. It is also used for tumor removal from such organs as the tongue, throat, lung, stomach, intestines, colon, bladder, ovary, and prostate. Tumors of limbs, ligaments, and tendons may also be treated with surgery. In many cases, the biopsy and surgery to remove the cancer cells or tissues are done at the same time as the biopsy.
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Upper gastrointestinal and hepatopancreaticobiliary neoplasia, including benign, pre-malignant, and malignant tumours of the oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, small intestine, biliary system . . . .