Rehabilitation medicine Specialists. Rehabilitation Medicine helps the process of restoring and enhancing skills for someone who has had an illness or injury. The aims are to regain maximum self-sufficiency and function as normally as possible, to maximise the benefits of recovery from the illness or injury, and to help the person cope with any persisting problems. Rehabilitation specialists include doctors, nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech language therapists, psychologists, dietitians and social workers. Rehabilitation treatment may also include using equipment and devices to assist daily living, orthotics (braces) and prostheses (artificial limbs). Rehabilitation may be required for disabilities resulting from a wide range of conditions, such as brain injury, neurological (nervous system) disorder such as stroke, amputation, some musculoskeletal and orthopaedic injury or illness including spinal cord injury, and other illnesses.