Vitreoretinal surgery treats problems related to the retina and vitreous of the eye and is normally undertaken by a specialist Ophthalmologist. The retina is the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye. The vitreous is a clear fluid that fills the central cavity of the eye. Most serious retinal problems that require surgery are caused by problems with the vitreous. With retinal detachment, a tear of the retina allows liquid in the vitreous cavity to pass through and get under the retina. The liquid collects under the retina and gradually separates it from the back wall of the eye. This separation is called a retinal detachment and involves loss of vision. Vitrectomy or retinal detachment repair is surgery to close the tear or hole and place a detached retina back into its normal position. It is usually done under local anaesthetic. Intraocular infection (endophthalmitis) is an infection within the eye, usually treated with antibiotic medication. In severe cases, a vitrectomy is performed to remove the infectious material inside the eye.
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