Bronchoscopy allows examination of your airways (eg: larynx, trachea, lungs) for any abnormality such as bleeding, inflammation, foreign bodies such as cancerous or benign tumours by a Bronchoscopist. A thin tube known as a bronchoscope is used. A rigid bronchoscope is a straight, hollow metal tube. Rigid bronchoscopy is less common today, but it is preferred for removing foreign material and for several other treatments. A flexible fibre-optic bronchoscope is a long, thin tube that bends easily and transmits images for viewing. Usually, you will have a chest X-ray prior to the procedure and will be required to fast for at least six hours beforehand. You will be given anti-anxiety and anti-secretory medications (to dry your mouth and membranes) before the procedure. A local anaesthetic may be used to numb your upper airways so you will remain conscious during the examination. The flexible bronchoscope is passed through either your nose or mouth. You can be either sitting or lying down.
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