Medical Specialists in this area are called
(sometimes referred to as
). There are two main types of Cardiothoracic surgery.
involves the heart and large blood vessels (arteries and veins) around it, and thoracic surgery (
Open Heart Surgery
) involving the lungs and trachea, the oesophagus, the diaphragm and chest wall. They may be separate surgical specialties or combined as cardiothoracic surgery. Generally, this surgery covers treatment of conditions of the heart (
) and lungs (
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